us increases military pressure on iran with military moves

US increases military pressure on Iran with military moves

Middle East

WASHINGTON: The White House said Sunday that the US is deploying military resources to send a message to Iran.
White House national security adviser John Bolton said in a statement that the US is deploying the USS Abraham Lincoln Carrier Strike Group and a bomber task force to the US Central Command region, an area that includes the Middle East.
Bolton said the move was in response to “a number of troubling and escalatory indications and warnings.” He didn’t provide details, but said the US wants to send a message that “unrelenting force” will meet any attack on US interests or those of its allies.
“The United States is not seeking war with the Iranian regime, but we are fully prepared to respond to any attack, whether by proxy, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, or regular Iranian forces,” he said.
The Pentagon had no immediate comment on the Bolton statement.
The Abraham Lincoln and its strike group of ships and combat aircraft have been operating in the Mediterranean Sea recently. Last Wednesday a group of senior Albanian government officials visited aboard the Lincoln as it sailed in the Adriatic.
Bolton’s reference to the Central Command area would mean the Lincoln is headed east to the Red Sea and perhaps then to the Arabian Sea or the Arabian Gulf. The US Navy currently has no aircraft carrier in the Arabian Gulf.
Bolton’s mention of deploying a bomber task force suggests the Pentagon is deploying land-based bomber aircraft somewhere in the region, perhaps on the Arabian Peninsula.
The Trump administration has been intensifying a pressure campaign against Iran.
Last month, President Donald Trump announced the US will no longer exempt any countries from US sanctions if they continue to buy Iranian oil, a decision that primarily affects the five remaining major importers: China and India and US treaty allies Japan, South Korea and Turkey.
The US also recently designated Iran’s Revolutionary Guard as a terrorist group, the first ever for an entire division of another government.
Trump withdrew from the Obama administration’s landmark nuclear deal with Iran in May 2018 and, in the months that followed, reimposed punishing sanctions including those targeting Iran’s oil, shipping and banking sectors.
Bolton and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo have in recent months spoken stridently about Iran and its “malign activities” in the region.

Iran nuclear deal: from US exit to new sanctions

The United States unilaterally withdrew a year ago from a multi-country deal under which Iran had agreed to halt its nuclear programme in exchange for the lifting of biting sanctions.
Here are key developments in the bitter standoff since then.

On May 8, 2018, President Donald Trump announces the US withdrawal from the 2015 pact, saying “we cannot prevent an Iranian nuclear bomb under the decaying and rotten structure of the current agreement.”
The move heralds the reinstatement of US sanctions, in two rounds.
The US warns other countries to end trade and investment in Iran and to stop buying its oil or face punitive measures.
But Britain, France, Germany — who were also parties to the deal alongside Russia and China — insist Iran has abided by its commitments to limit its nuclear activities, and say they are determined to save the agreement.
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani reacts that Tehran could scrap the curbs it agreed in the deal. But he calls on the remaining parties to save the accord.

Washington warns on May 21 that Tehran will be hit with the “strongest sanctions in history” unless it capitulates to further demands over its missile programme and “destabilising activities” in the Middle East.
A top US official says on July 2 that Washington is determined to force Iran to change its policies by slashing its oil exports.
On July 6, Tehran’s five remaining partners in the nuclear accord vow to back “the continuation of Iran’s exports of oil and gas”.
On July 16, EU countries reject American demands to isolate Tehran economically.
A day later, European sources say the US has dismissed requests to spare EU firms from sanctions penalties.

On July 22, Rouhani warns the US that any conflict with Iran would be the “mother of all wars”.
Trump tweets that he should stop making threats “OR YOU WILL SUFFER CONSEQUENCES”.

On August 7, Washington reimposes a first set of sanctions that target Iran’s access to US banknotes and key industries, including cars and carpets.
Within hours, German carmaker Daimler says it is halting its activities in Iran. French energy giant Total and other major international firms follow suit.
On November 5, the United States imposes the second wave of sanctions aimed at significantly reducing Iran’s oil exports and cutting it off from international finance.
However it lists eight countries that will be granted temporary waivers: China, India, Italy, Greece, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and Turkey.
At the end of January 2019, Britain, France and Germany launch a trade mechanism known as INSTEX in a bid to bypass US sanctions on Iran and allow Tehran to keep trading with EU companies.

On March 7 Washington accuses Iran of carrying out three missile-related launches and urges international measures.
On April 2, London, Paris and Berlin call for a UN report on Iran’s ballistic missile activity.
On April 8, the United States designates Iran’s elite military force, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, a “foreign terrorist organisation”.
Tehran immediately declares Washington a “state sponsor of terrorism” and its forces in the region “terrorist groups”.

On April 22, Trump announces his decision to cancel the sanctions exemptions on oil imports.
On April 28, Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif warns that leaving the 1970 Non-Proliferation Treaty — aimed at stopping the spread of nuclear arms — is among its “many options” for retaliation against US sanctions.

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